Language focus Unit 6: Competitions Những cuộc thi đấu

  • 1 Đánh giá

Phần trọng tâm kiến thức của unit này nói về về cách phát âm /tr/, /dr/ và /tw/trong tiếng Anh, cũng như ôn tập về câu gián tiếp sử dụng danh động từ. Bài viết cung cấp các từ vựng và cấu trúc cần lưu ý cũng như hướng dẫn giải bài tập trong sách giáo khoa.

I. Từ vựng

  • representative (n) [,repri'zentətiv]: đại diện
  • score (v) [skɔ:]: tính điểm
  • smoothly (adv) ['smu:đli]: suôn sẻ
  • spirit (n): tinh thần, khí thế
  • sponsor (v) ['spɔnsə]: tài trợ
  • entry procedure (n) ['entri prə'si:dʒə]: thủ tục đăng ký

II. Cấu trúc cần lưu ý

  • feel like (v) muốn
  • find out (v) tìm ra
  • Âm /tr/ trong tiếng Anh là một phụ âm, phát âm của chữ cái "tr"
  • Âm /dr/ trong tiếng Anh là một phụ âm, phát âm ghép của chữ cái “d” và “r”(Đọc liền thành một âm)
  • Âm /tw/ trong tiếng Anh là một phụ âm, phát âm ghép của chữ cái “t” và “w”(Đọc liền thành một âm)
  • Câu gián tiếp sử dụng danh động từ: Xem hướng dẫn tại đây.

III. Hướng dẫn giải bài tập

1. Pronunciation:

Listen and repeat:

/tr/:

  • Traffic: giao thông
  • Troops: Quân
  • Trousers: quần dài
  • Tropical: nhiệt đới

/dr/:

  • Drive: lái (ô tô,…)
  • Dreadful: kinh sợ
  • Drink: uống
  • Dress: váy

/tw/:

  • Twelve: mười hai
  • Twenty: hai mươi
  • Twin: sinh đôi
  • Twinkle: lấp lánh

Practise reading aloud these sentences:

  • 1. John always enjoys travelling by train
  • 2. Jane’s teeth are troubling her.
  • 3. George is driving dangerously
  • 4. Her new dress is an absolute dream.
  • 5. She has an amusing twinkle in her eyes.
  • 6. Think twie before doing something.

2. Grammar:

Exercise 1. Change direct speech into reported speech. Begin each of the sentences in the wav shown.

e.g: "It was nice of you to help me. Thank you very much." Tom said to you.

—> Tom thanked me for helping him.

  • 1. “I hear you passed your exams. Congratulations!” John said to us.

-> John congratulated us on passing our exams.

  • 2. “I’m sorry I didn’t phone you earlier,” Mary said.

-> Mary apologized for not phoning me earlier.

  • 3. “I’ll drive you to the station. I insist,” Peter said to Linda.

-> Peter insisted on driving Linda to the station.

  • 4. “You didn't pay attention to what I said." the teacher said to the boy.

-> The teacher accused the boy of not paying attention to what he had said.

  • 5. “I’ve always wanted to be rich.” Bob said.

-> Bob has always dreamed of being rich.

  • 6. “Don’t stay at the hotel near the airport,” I said to Ann.

-> I warned Ann auainst staving at the hotel near the airport.

  • 7. “Stay here! I can’t let you go out tonight." her mother said to Jane.

-> Her mother prevented Jane from going out that night

  • 8. “It was nice of you to visit me. Thank you.” Miss White said to Jack.

-> Miss While thanked Jack for visiting her.

Exercise 2. Rewrite the dialogues in reported speech, usine gerund.

1.

  • Linda: Let me pay for the meal.
  • Tom: Certainly not! I’ll pay.

-> Tom insisted on paving for the meal.

2.

  • Mr. Smith: I feel like meeting our children soon.
  • Mrs. Smith: I think so.

-> Mr and Mrs. Smith looked forward to meeting their children soon.

3.

  • Woman: Hey! You’ve broken the window of my house!
  • Boy: Oh ... no, I’ve just arrived here. I don’t know anything about it.

-> The boy denied breaking the window of The woman's house.

4.

  • Policeman: You mustn’t leave the shop!
  • Customer: What's that?
  • Policeman: Stay here! You mustn’t leave the shop!

-> The policeman stopped the customer {from) leaving the shop.

5.

  • Detective: You have stolen Mrs. Brown’s car!
  • The thief: Yes...! But….

-> The thief admitted stealing Mrs. Brown's car

6.

  • Mary: What shall we do on Saturday?
  • Ann: What about having a party?

-> Ann suggaested having a party next Saturday.

7.

  • John’s wife: The house is very nice! We’ll certainly buy it!
  • John: I think so.

-> John and his wife were thinking of buying the house.


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Cập nhật: 07/09/2021