A closer look 2 Unit 5: Wonders of Vietnam

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Phần a closer look 2 cung cấp cho bạn học ngữ pháp về câu bị động khách quan và cấu trúc suggest để đưa ra một lời gợi ý. Bài viết cung cấp cấp gợi ý giải bài tập trong sách giáo khoa.

Grammar

1a. Read part of the conversation. Pay attention to the underlined part.

Đọc đoạn sau của đoạn hội thoại. Tập trụng vào phần được gạch chân

  • Veronica: Great, thanks. What's the best way to ge* around?
  • Mi: It's probably best to use rickshaws. It's said that they're quicker and cheape- than taxis.

Can you find another example of the impersonal passive in the conversation?

Bạn có thể tìm thêm các ví dụ về cấu trúc bị động khách quan trong đoạn hội thoại.

It's said that this complex of monuments is one of the wonders of Viet Nam.

b. When do we use the impersonal passive? Can you think of any rules?

Khi nào ta sử dụng bị động khách quan? Có bất kì quy luật gì không?

2. Complete the sentences using the correct passive form of the verbs in brackets. The first one has been completed for you.

  • 1. (know) It is known that Ha Long Bay was recognised as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1994.
  • 2. It is believed that the best time to visit the complex of Hue Monuments is in April.
  • 3. It is reported that thousands of visitors come to enjoy breathtaking views of Ha Long Bay every year.
  • 4. It is claimed that Phong Nha - Ke Bang can be compared to a huge geological museum.
  • 5. It is understood that Binh Dai Fortress was designed to control movement on the Perfumed River.
  • 6. It is expected the government will have measures to protect and preserve our man-made wonders.

3. Here are some things we hear about Po Nagar Cham Towers. Write sentences about it using the impersonal passive.

Đây là những điều chúng ta nghe về Tháp Chàm Po Nagar. Viết các câu sử dụng bị động khách quan.

  • 1. Po Nagar Cham Towers were built in the 8th century by the Cham people in central Viet Nam.

It is claimed that Po Nagar Cham Towers were built in the 8th century by the Cham people in central Viet Nam.

  • 2. The Cham people built Po Nagar Cham temple complex to honour Yang Ino Po Nagar, mother of the kingdom.

It is said that the Cham people built Po Nagar Cham temple complex to honour Yang Ino Po Nagar, mother of the kingdom.

  • 3. The Po Nagar Cham Towers were built on the site of an earlier wooden temple, which was burned by the Javanese in A.D. 774.

It is believed that the Po Nagar Cham Towers were built on the site of an earlier wooden temple, which was burned by the Javanese in A.D., 774.

  • 4. Po Nagar Kalan is the main tower, which is one of the tallest Cham structures.

It is understood that the Po Nagar Kalan is the main tower, which is one of the tallest Cham structures.

  • 5. A sculpture of the goddess Mahishasuramardini may be found above the entrance to the main temple.

It is known that a sculpture of the goddess Mahishasuramardini may be found above the entrance to the main temple.

  • 6. In the 17th century, the Viet people took over the temple tower, calling it Thien Y Thanh Mau Tower.

It is thought that in the 17th century, the Viet people took over the temple tower, calling it Thien Y Thanh Mau Tower.

4a. Read part of the conversation. Pay attention to the underlined part.

Đọc lại phần sau của đoạn hội thoại. Tập trung vào phần gạch chân.

  • Veronica: My father suggests we should go by air.
  • Mi: That's too expensive! I suggest going by train.

After the verb suggest, we can use M-ing or a clause with should:

S + suggest + V-ing

S + suggest + [that) + S + (should) + bare infinitive

5. Write answers to the following questions using suggest + Ving/clause with should and the prompts in brackets. Then practise them with your partner. The first one has been completed for you.

Viết các câu trả lời cho các câu hỏi sau sử dụng "suggest+Ving/mệnh đề chứa should" và các từ trong ngoặc. Thực hành với bạn nhóm. Câu 1 được làm mẫu cho bạn.

  • 1. A: Have you thought of recycling?
  • B: I suggest recycling things such as bags, cans and bottles (recycle things such as bags, cans, and bottles)

2.

  • A: What should we do to protect and preserve our man-made wonders?
  • B: I suggest ______that the government should limit the number of visitors everyday____(the government limit/the number of visitors/every day)

3.

  • A: What should we do to conserve forests?
  • B: _____I suggest that we should control the deforestation_____(control/deforestation).

4.

  • A: What should we do to protect valuab e things in pagodas and temples?
  • B: _____I suggest that we should put these valuable things in high-security places._____(put/these valuable things in high-security places).

5.

  • A: What should we do to restore our aging man-made wonders?
  • B: _____I suggest raising money_____ (raise/money).

6.

  • A: What should we do to prevent global warming?
  • B: ______I suggest reducing smoke from exhaust fumes______ (reduce/smoke/exhaust fumes)

6a. Work in pairs. Tell your partners what they should do in the following situations using suggest + Ving/clause with should.

Làm việc thoe cặp. Kể cho các bạn cặp bạn ên làm gì trong các tình huống sau sử dụng cấu trúc "suggest+Ving/Mệnh đề chứa should"

  • Your bicycle has been stolen.
  • You have lost your way in the city centre.
  • You have left your workbook at home.
  • Your laptop isn't working.
  • You have forgotten to bring your wallet when going shopping.

b. Now report your partner's ideas to another partner.

Tường thuật lại ý kiến của gười bạn cặp của bạn cho 1 bạn cặp khác.


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